◆ lower_bound() [4/8]

template<class ForwardIterator , class T , class StrictWeakOrdering >
ForwardIterator thrust::lower_bound ( ForwardIterator  first,
ForwardIterator  last,
const T &  value,
StrictWeakOrdering  comp 

lower_bound is a version of binary search: it attempts to find the element value in an ordered range [first, last). Specifically, it returns the first position where value could be inserted without violating the ordering. This version of lower_bound uses function object comp for comparison and returns the furthermost iterator i in [first, last) such that, for every iterator j in [first, i), comp(*j, value) is true.

firstThe beginning of the ordered sequence.
lastThe end of the ordered sequence.
valueThe value to be searched.
compThe comparison operator.
The furthermost iterator i, such that comp(*i, value) is true.
Template Parameters
ForwardIteratoris a model of Forward Iterator.
Tis comparable to ForwardIterator's value_type.
StrictWeakOrderingis a model of Strict Weak Ordering.

The following code snippet demonstrates how to use lower_bound to search for values in a ordered range.

thrust::device_vector<int> input(5);
input[0] = 0;
input[1] = 2;
input[2] = 5;
input[3] = 7;
input[4] = 8;
thrust::lower_bound(input.begin(), input.end(), 0, thrust::less<int>()); // returns input.begin()
thrust::lower_bound(input.begin(), input.end(), 1, thrust::less<int>()); // returns input.begin() + 1
thrust::lower_bound(input.begin(), input.end(), 2, thrust::less<int>()); // returns input.begin() + 1
thrust::lower_bound(input.begin(), input.end(), 3, thrust::less<int>()); // returns input.begin() + 2
thrust::lower_bound(input.begin(), input.end(), 8, thrust::less<int>()); // returns input.begin() + 4
thrust::lower_bound(input.begin(), input.end(), 9, thrust::less<int>()); // returns input.end()
See also