◆ sort_by_key() [4/4]

template<typename RandomAccessIterator1 , typename RandomAccessIterator2 , typename StrictWeakOrdering >
void thrust::sort_by_key ( RandomAccessIterator1  keys_first,
RandomAccessIterator1  keys_last,
RandomAccessIterator2  values_first,
StrictWeakOrdering  comp 

sort_by_key performs a key-value sort. That is, sort_by_key sorts the elements in [keys_first, keys_last) and [values_first, values_first + (keys_last - keys_first)) into ascending key order, meaning that if i and j are any two valid iterators in [keys_first, keys_last) such that i precedes j, and p and q are iterators in [values_first, values_first + (keys_last - keys_first)) corresponding to i and j respectively, then *j is not less than *i.

Note: sort_by_key is not guaranteed to be stable. That is, suppose that *i and *j are equivalent: neither one is less than the other. It is not guaranteed that the relative order of these two keys or the relative order of their corresponding values will be preserved by sort_by_key.

This version of sort_by_key compares key objects using a function object comp.

keys_firstThe beginning of the key sequence.
keys_lastThe end of the key sequence.
values_firstThe beginning of the value sequence.
compComparison operator.
Template Parameters
RandomAccessIterator1is a model of Random Access Iterator, RandomAccessIterator1 is mutable, and RandomAccessIterator1's value_type is convertible to StrictWeakOrdering's first_argument_type and second_argument_type.
RandomAccessIterator2is a model of Random Access Iterator, and RandomAccessIterator2 is mutable.
StrictWeakOrderingis a model of Strict Weak Ordering.
The range [keys_first, keys_last)) shall not overlap the range [values_first, values_first + (keys_last - keys_first)).

The following code snippet demonstrates how to use sort_by_key to sort an array of character values using integers as sorting keys. The keys are sorted in descending order using the greater<int> comparison operator.

#include <thrust/sort.h>
const int N = 6;
int keys[N] = { 1, 4, 2, 8, 5, 7};
char values[N] = {'a', 'b', 'c', 'd', 'e', 'f'};
thrust::sort_by_key(keys, keys + N, values, thrust::greater<int>());
// keys is now { 8, 7, 5, 4, 2, 1}
// values is now {'d', 'f', 'e', 'b', 'c', 'a'}
See also